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ABSTRACT. Substrate is morally irrelevant. We differentiate morally between actual and potential beings: the latter do not exist now and will never exist unless we bring them into existence. It is generally unethical to create a person whose life is expected to be not worth living. A being's moral status is not affected by how it came into existence. Creators of new beings have a pro tanto moral reason to select to create, of the possible beings they could create, the one that is expected to have the life most worth living. Procreators have a moral responsibility to make fair provisions for their progeny. To the extent that procreators have control over what sort of being they create, they are responsible for that being's actions.

 

NICK BOSTROM
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Oxford University

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