ABSTRACT. We follow recent research (e.g. Healy, Nicholson, and Pekarek, 2017; Lehdonvirta, 2018; van Doorn, 2017) showing that labor platforms’ software-driven management approaches aggravate the already unstable conditions of contingent employees in the current underprivileged service economy. Using data from ADP, Deloitte University Press, SMB Group; U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Census; U.S. Department of Labor, Intuit Contingent Workforce Forecast, and National Technology Readiness, we performed analyses and made estimates regarding companies’ usage of contingent workers over the next 3–5 years, the total number of employees interested in freelancing or self-employment (by country), percentage of contingent workers in the U.S. workforce, the share of workers in each type of alternative work arrangement, the annual on-demand economy spending (billions), and the nonemployer business growth, by industry (2003–2018). Empirical and secondary data are employed to support the claim that the gig economy’s consequences on the temporal arrangements of labor are identifiable in the factual routines that its users embrace.
JEL codes: L14; L86

Keywords: gig market; platform economy; labor contracting; alternative work arrangement

How to cite: Koppel, John, and Juraj Kolencik (2018). “The Future of Workers: Contingent Forms of Labor Contracting in the Platform Economy,” Psychosociological Issues in Human Resource Management 6(1): 172–177.

Received 21 February 2018 • Received in revised form 18 March 2018
Accepted 20 March 2018 • Available online 20 April 2018


This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Center for Behavioral Decision Research,
CSA, New York
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Department of Economics,
Faculty of Operation and Economics
of Transport and Communications,
University of Zilina, Zilina

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