ABSTRACT. The aim of this article is to evaluate the possible role of BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) as an organization in international relations. The major question is whether emerging states, fast economic growth, interest for a multipolar international system, and antipathy towards the leading US unipolar international system are factors enough to make BRICS a coherent and relevant international actor. It seems to be clear that all BRICS members have their own national interests, and they have realized that BRICS is a useful idea for advancing those interests. Then again, the five BRICS countries make a diverse combination of countries with different civilizational and cultural backgrounds. Therefore it is not easy to assume that BRICS would be an organization capable of changing the international system as long as BRICS members have different kinds of expectations when it comes to the future world order. In this respect the most important BRICS countries are China and India, which also have contradictory interests and expectations about the future order of Asia as well as the entire world order. pp. 85–104

Keywords: BRICS; emerging powers; changing international order; rise of the rest; China; India

How to cite: Kakonen, Jyrki (2014), "BRICS as a New Power in International Relations?," Geopolitics, History, and International Relations 6(2): 85–104.

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Institute of Political Science and Governance,
Tallinn University

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