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ABSTRACT. This study applied a mean and covariance structure analysis (MACS) to the data from a Spanish university sample to examine the invariance of the factor structure of the Hoffman Gender Scale (HGS) across gender. The findings indicated that the hypothesized second-order model structure of the HGS was a reasonable representation of the data for males and females. Invariance testing was performed for men and women and revealed non-invariance for the items and subscales of the HGS. Women had significantly higher means on the two latent factors compared with men. The internal consistency estimates were satisfactory for all groups.

Keywords: gender identity; well-being; psychometric properties; factorial invariance; Spanish men and women

How to cite: García-Sánchez, Rubén, Carmen Almendros, Begoña Aramayona, María Jesús Martín, Jorge S. López, and José Manuel Martínez (2018). “Testing for Differences between Spanish Men and Women on Gender Self-definition Assessment,” Journal of Research in Gender Studies 8(2): 92–108.

Received 12 September 2017 • Received in revised form 3 May 2018
Accepted 4 May 2018 • Available online 28 May 2018

doi:10.22381/JRGS8220185

RUBÉN GARCÍA-SÁNCHEZ
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Autonomous University of Madrid
(corresponding author)
CARMEN ALMENDROS
Autonomous University of Madrid
BEGOÑA ARAMAYONA
Autonomous University of Madrid
MARÍA JESÚS MARTÍN
Autonomous University of Madrid
JORGE S. LÓPEZ
Public University of Navarre
JOSÉ MANUEL MARTÍNEZ
Autonomous University of Madrid

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