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ABSTRACT. This research sought to discover whether heterosexual, homosexual, and transsexual pornographic films contain nonconsensual insemination or other sex crimes, condom use, or intimate partner violence in pornographic films, and what ideas about gender roles, sex and patriarchy are communicated to the audience. With respect to pornography, each of these categories has been related to patriarchal attitudes in feminist philosophy, politics, and clinical studies. Recent studies show that commercial, mainstream pornography may not directly cause sex crimes, despite the fact that this has been the main feminist antagonism of pornography in recent decades. Nevertheless, patriarchal attitudes may exist in pornography, irrespective of whether the pornography depicts sex crimes or whether viewers emulate the porno- graphic films and commit sex crimes. Patriarchal attitudes were evident in hetero- sexual, homosexual, and transsexual films. Manifestations of patriarchy, exhibited by nonconsensual insemination, sex crimes, condom use, or intimate partner violence, sometimes played out differently in heterosexual, homosexual, and transsexual films, but sometimes they were the same. One striking difference between genders was that there were no sex crimes in transsexual films, but public sex occurred in ninety percent of the homosexual films. Another significant difference is that there was no rape in heterosexual films, though there was nonconsensual insemination. Thirty percent of homosexual films featured rape, but condom use was high. Researchers analyzed thirty films and the significance of their findings in this article. pp. 15–33

Keywords: transsexual, gay, straight, rape, nonconsensual insemination, pornography, money shot, ejaculation, sex crime, violence

CARMEN CUSACK
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
University of Alaska Southeast, United States of America
MATTHEW WARANIUS
editor Journal of Law and Social Deviance, United States of America

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